DoubletCalc is a programme for calculating the indicative power of a geothermal doublet. It can generate the probability graphs required to be submitted with the application for the SDE+ and/or the Guarantee Scheme for Geothermal Energy. The latest version is DoubletCalc v1.4.3.
Compared to v1.4, this version has extra functionality relating to output. The output screen shows more results and the information in the "base case details" export has been expanded.
Currently DoubletCalc v1.5 is in development. This beta version is available for testing purposes. Bugs and/or unexpected behaviour can be submitted through the NLOG contact page.
DoubletCalc v1.5.0-beta software (version 17 May 2021, including java 8 runtime).
The most important changes in v1.5 compared to v1.4.3 are:
- Upgrade to Java 8 and JavaFX 2 libraries.
- Additional input fields for transmissivity and thermal rock properties.
- Optionally use pressure, temperature & salinity dependent viscosity correlation of Kestin, 1981.
- The distribution (min - median - max) of permeability or transmissivity can be executed in the logarithmic domain.
- First-order estimate given of doublet lifetime.
- Output results in excel format.
DoubletCalc 2D v1.0 (DC2D) is a software tool developed by TNO. Using this software it is possible to calculate the temperature and pressure around two or more geothermal wells, in two dimensions (2D) and over the course of time. The software has been developed to bridge the gap between simple 1D simulation tools such as TNO's DoubletCalc v1.43 (DC1D, Mijnlieff et al. 2014), and advanced 2D and 3D reservoir simulators such as Eclipse.
Manual DoubletCalc 2D V1.0 (DC2D) (pdf)
To support the search for suitable locations for geothermal energy, TNO has developed a free geothermal information system: ThermoGIS™ (see www.thermogis.nl). This system gives everyone access to a preliminary rough estimate of the geothermal potential of a certain location and to a wealth of information on geothermal energy in the Netherlands.
TNO has developed an Excel spreadsheet for calculating the salinity of formation water in ppm NaCl equivalents. When the composition of the water is input, it gives the salinity value. This can be used when determining the input values for DoubletCalc. The finishing touches are currently being made to the spreadsheet. The file will be made freely available when the QC has been completed.
Calculating the skin value of horizontal wells
DoubletCalc cannot be used to calculate the geothermal power if the design of the geothermal project assumes horizontal wells. Instead, an indication of the geothermal capacity can be obtained by using analytical methods such as those published in the public domain to calculate the improvement in productivity resulting from a horizontal production trajectory. TNO has implemented these methods in an Excel spreadsheet, in order to capture the productivity improvement in a skin value. An alternative way of determining the flow and hence the geothermal capacity when using a horizontal well is to use a reservoir simulator.
Manual for equivalent skin horizontal well (pdf)
Equivalent skin horizontal well (xls)
Spreadsheet to determine indicative injection pressure space
The Geomech_V2.xlsx spreadsheet and its accompanying manual TNO manual for GeoMech can be used to ascertain the relationship between the injection pressure applied in the injection well and the various gradients:
State Supervision of Mines maximum injection pressure gradient
- Lithostatic pressure gradient
- Hydrostatic pressure gradient
- Minimal horizontal tension gradient (Shmin)
- Minimal horizontal tension gradient, taking account of the thermal effects of injection water on the rock (Shmin thermal)
For more information, see memorandum.